Signs of Heart Failure

Only those who have this problem know how painful this word of heart Failure is. Many persons of their family members have passed away due to the failure of the heart. Now the problem of this heart has increased a lot. From children to the elderly and women are not exempt from it. When the blood goes to the heart slowly decreases, then the heart fails. To learn more about it, read this content. Here are the details of the Signs of Heart Failure.

By them, a single sign of heart failure may not be the cause of the alarm. However, if you have more than one of these symptoms, if you do not have any heart problems, report them to a health care professional and ask for a heart assessment.

One type of heart failure is Congestive heart failure that requires timely treatment, although the two terms using often interchangeably. If your heart failure is diagnosed, you must manage the signs of any sudden changes to your healthcare team.

So, to know more about signs of heart failure, please scroll down.

What is heart failure?

Heart failure is when the heart is unable to pump blood properly around the body. It usually happens because the heart has become too weak or inflexible. It is sometimes called congestive heart failure, although the name is not currently widely used.

Heart failure does not mean that your heart has stopped working. It needs some support and courage to help it work better. so, take some measurements and feel better.

It can happen at any time at any age. However, it is most common in the elderly. Because older adults become very weak, there is a problem in older people’s blood circulation. Heart failure is a long-term condition that gradually worsens over time. So, be aware of and be safe.

Symptoms and signs of heart failure

Some conditions, such as narrowed arteries in your heart (coronary artery disease) or high blood pressure, slowly leave your heart week or inflexible to fill and pump proficiently.

Not all conditions leading to heart failure can reverse, but treatment can flourish the signs and symptoms of heart failure and help you prolong it.

Lifestyle changes such as exercise, reducing the sodium in your diet, managing stress, and losing weight can flourish your lifetime property.

If you can protect your heart from the problems that cause heart failure, you can get a lot of protection from this problem.

Such as:

  • One of coronary artery disease,
  • Besides high blood pressure,
  • diabetes or obesity.

Heart failure signs and symptoms may include

  • Dyspnea (shortness of breath) occurs when you work hard or lie down
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Swelling of your legs, ankles, and feet
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Decreased ability to practice
  • Slowly coughing or sore with white or pink blood-stained phlegm
  • The need to urinate at night has increased
  • Ascites
  • Weight gains very quickly from fluid retention
  • Lack of appetite and nausea
  • Decreased concentration or alertness
  • Sudden, severe difficulty breathing and cough pink, foamy mucus
  • If your heart failure is due to a heart attack, then there is chest pain

Left and right-sided heart failure symptoms

And heart failure is so common. Heart failure is the common cause why people 65 years of age or older are hospitalized. It can be either on the right or left side of your heart. But which aspect is affected by any difference?

Right-side heart failure:

The right ventricle or right chamber returns blood from your heart to your lungs with the help of oxygen. So, when you have heart failure on the right side, the right section has lost the ability to pump. That means your heart can’t fill with enough blood and the blood backs up in the veins. that’s not a good sign of the heart. If this happens, your legs, ankles, and abdomen often swell.

Left-side heart failure:

When your heart usually works, it pumps oxygen-rich blood to your lungs and the rest of your corpus. As we know, the left ventricle or left chamber of the heart has thick muscle, so; it provides most of the pumping energy to the whole body. Besides, your heart cannot pump enough blood to your body when you have left heart failure.


As we all get older, our heart loses some of its ability to pump blood, but due to the stress associated with health conditions, heart failure can damage the heart or make it work harder.

However, if you ever have heart failure, you are more likely to have the conditions listed below. Some of these may be present without your knowledge. Typically, these conditions, “wear and tear,” cause heart failure. More than one of these factors dramatically raises your risk.

  • Coronary artery disease

When cholesterol and fatty deposits increase in the heart’s arteries, blood can reach the lower heart muscle.

Besides, this buildup is known as atherosclerosis. Coronary artery disease can also contribute to high blood pressure, leading to heart failure over time.

  • In the past, a heart attack (myocardial infarction) is a heart attack when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become blocked. Besides, Denial of oxygen and nutrients damages the heart muscle tissue – part of which nearly “dies.”
  • High blood pressure (hypertension or HBP) ​​is a significant risk factor for increased uncontrolled HBP heart failure. Besides, When the blood vessels’ pressure is too high, the heart needs to pump more challenging than usual to keep the blood flowing. It tolls the heart, and over time the rooms get more significant and weaker.

Regular Causes

Heart failure is often related to some other disease or illness. However, heart failure is the most common cause of heart failure (CAD), a disorder that causes the arteries to supply blood and oxygen to the heart to constrict. Also, Other conditions that may increase the risk of heart failure include:

  1. Firstly, a disorder of the heart muscle that weakens the heart, Cardiomyopathy
  2. Also, A congenital heart defect
  3. Besides, A heart attack
  4. Heart valve disease
  5. Also, Some types of arrhythmias, or irregular heart rhythms
  6. However, High blood pressure
  7. Besides, Emphysema, a disease of the lungs
  8. Diabetes
  9. Also, An excessive or unchanged thyroid
  10. HIV
  11. And, AIDS
  12. The severe form of anaemia
  13. Namely, treatment of certain cancers, such as chemotherapy
  14. And, Drug or alcohol abuse

Congestive Heart Failure (HF) four stages

Congestive HF is a severe condition that impedes the pumping power of the heart muscle. Due to decreased cardiac output, the organs receive insufficient blood, oxygen, and nutrition.

However, Congestive heart failure typically affects the lungs, heart, and kidneys. Decreased cardiac output retains water and salt in the kidneys. Also, Due to water retention, other organs become infected, increasing the heart’s pressure.

The New York Heart Association developed four congestive heart failure levels based on its functional abilities.

Class I: Patients will not have any problem while performing physical activities.

Class II: Namely, Patients will have a slight limitation of physical ability due to a significant biological activity increase. It leads to weakness, increased heart rate, difficulty breathing, and chest pain, but they can be comfortable at rest

Class III: Patients with marked physical activity limitations that result in weakness, increased heart rate, difficulty breathing, and chest pain with minimal regular activity; But they are comfortable at rest.

Class IV: However, Patients cannot continue any physical activity without discomfort and may have heart failure or chest pain symptoms even at rest.

Signs of heart failure elderly

Congestive heart failure in the adult is recognized as a national public health priority; However, a clinical diagnosis can be a problem in the elderly, many of whom have a history of heart failure in the presence of common or only reduced ejection fraction.

However, the cardiovascular health studies results show that both ejection fraction reduction and general ejection fraction (e.g., diastolic heart failure) are implicit in available levels and predictors of heart failure.

  • Coronary heart disease,
  • systolic blood pressure,
  • C-reactive protein (a measure of inflammation)

are more predictive of individual heart failure than ejection fraction. The left atria’ size, rationally an indicator of the effects of impaired diastolic filling over time has increased both systolic and diastolic heart failure, as has atrial natriuretic peptide.

Signs of heart failure in the child

Pediatric heart disease symptoms vary depending on the child’s condition, age, and whether the heart condition or disease was acquired before or during the child’s birth.

Symptoms of potential heart disease in children may include:

  • Problems with weight gain
  • However, The blue colour on the lips, tongue, or nail bed
  • Problems with feeding
  • Besides, breathing fast or fast, or difficulty breathing, even during rest
  • Fatigue is easy when eating
  • Sweating occurs during feeding

Call your doctor immediately if you see your child showing any of these signs or symptoms.

In young children, see:

  • Passing during physical exercise or activity
  • However, Heartbeat – A heartbeat that makes a child feel funny or radioactive
  • Besides, shortness of breath when active or active
  • And, Chest pain

Signs of heart failure in pregnancy

Causes of early pregnancy failure include

  • peripheral-cardiomyopathy,
  • Besides, hypertensive disorder
  • and, more commonly, coronary artery disease, arrhythmias,
  • Also, Thai-road-related or another endometriosis.

Signs and Symptoms include here:

  • Fatigue
  • Besides, Feeling of heart racing or throbbing (throbbing)
  • Increased urination at night (nocturnal)
  • Also, shortness of breath with activity and when lying flat
  • Ankle swelling
  • However, the veins in the neck are swollen
  • Low blood pressure or standing up can lower it.

The New York Heart Association System can classify the severity of symptoms in PPCM patients:

  • In the first class – the disease without any symptoms
  • Class II – Mild Symptoms / Effects on Functions or Symptoms with Excessive Work Only as well as
  • Third class – symptoms of minimal exertion
  • Fourth class – signs of rest


Heart failure is a chronic disease that requires lifelong management. However, with treatment, the signs and symptoms of heart failure can improve, and the heart sometimes becomes more substantial. Therapy helps you to live longer and reduce your chances of dying suddenly.


Physicians usually treat the heart with a combination of medications. You can take one or more medications depending on your symptoms:

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.
  • These medications help people with systolic heart failure to prolong and feel better.
  1. ACE inhibitors are a type of vasodilator,
  2. A drug that dilates blood vessels to lower blood pressure,
  3. improve blood flow,
  4. and reduce heart work pressure.

Examples include:

  1. enalapril (Vasotec),
  2. lisinopril (Jastril),
  3. and captopril (Capoten).
  • Beta-blockers.
  • This type of medication not only slows down your heart rate and lowers blood pressure but also limits or reverses some damage to your heart if you have systolic heart failure. Examples include

1/carvedilol (Coreg),

2/metoprolol (Lopressor),

3/and bisoprolol (Zebeta).

  • Aldosterone antagonists.

Besides, these drugs include spironolactone and eplerenone. These are

potassium-sparing diuretics,

which also have additional properties that can help prolong the life of people with severe systolic heart failure.

  • Inotropes
  • Digoxin.

Surgery and medical devices

In some cases, physicians recommend surgery to treat the underlying problem that caused the heart failure. However, some of the treatments studied and used in some people include:

  • Coronary bypass surgery:

If severely blocked arteries contribute to your heart failure, your doctor may recommend coronary artery bypass surgery. In this procedure

  1. The blood vessels in your legs,
  2. arms, or chest bypass
  3. a blocked artery in your heart to allow blood to flow more freely to your heart.

Heart valve repair or replacement:

  • However, if a faulty heart valve is the cause of your heart failure, your doctor may recommend repairing or replacing the valve.
  • Besides, Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs).
  • Also, Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) or biventricular pacing.
  • Ventricular assist devices (VADs).

Heart transplant:

  • Some people have severe heart failure that does not help with surgery orations. Besides, their sick heart may need replacement with a healthy donor heart. However, Heart transplants may improve the survival and quality of life for some people with serious heart failure.

However, candidates for transplants often have to wait a long time before finding a suitable donor heart. Some transplant candidates improve this waiting period through drug treatment or device therapy and may remove from the transplant waiting list

When to see a doctor

Contact your doctor if you think you are experiencing signs or symptoms of heart failure. Besides, if you share any of the following, seek emergency treatment:

  • Chest pain
  • Besides, Unconsciousness or a fatal weakness
  • However, Fast or irregular heartbeat is associated with shortness of breath, chest pain, or fainting
  • Sudden, severe difficulty breathing and cough pink, foamy mucus

Although these signs and symptoms may be due to heart failure, there are many more potential causes, including

  • other life-threatening heart
  • and lung conditions.

Besides, don’t try to diagnose yourself—call 911 or your local emergency number for immediate help. Emergency room doctors will try to stabilize your condition, and your symptoms are due to heart failure or some other reason.

Final words for signs of heart failure

In the end, it can say that to prevent heart failure, and one must first know about the signs of heart failure. You need to know what to do. Only if you know the symptoms can you cure. So, be safe and take care of your heart.

By NMK Pro